IGNOU MLIS Viva Practical Important Questions 2023
Last updated on June 4th, 2023 at 09:01 am
IGNOU MLIS Viva Practical Important Questions asked in Exams with Answers 2023
IGNOU MLIS Viva Practical Questions asked in Previous Exams of RC Srinagar and is beneficial for all RC’s, it’s comprised of all the courses i.e
- MLI-101: Information, Communication, and Society
- MLI-102: Management of Library and Information Centers
- MLII-101: Information Sources, Systems, and Services
- MLII-102: Information Processing and Retrieval
- MLII-103: Fundamentals of Information Communication Technologies
- MLII-104: Information Communication Technologies: Applications
- and Electives
- OSI model: The OSI (Open Systems Interconnection) model is a conceptual framework that defines how different computer systems communicate and exchange data. It consists of seven layers, each with specific functions and protocols. From bottom to top, the layers are: Physical, Data Link, Network, Transport, Session, Presentation, and Application. The model provides a standardized approach for network communication, allowing interoperability between different network devices and protocols.
- Copyright: Copyright is a legal concept that grants exclusive rights to creators and authors of original works, such as literary, artistic, musical, or intellectual creations. It provides the creators with the right to control how their works are used, copied, distributed, and displayed. Copyright protection encourages creativity by allowing creators to benefit from their creations and helps ensure that their work is not exploited without permission or proper compensation. The duration and scope of copyright protection vary depending on the country, but it generally exists to safeguard the rights of creators and foster a culture of innovation and originality.
- Trademark: A trademark is a distinctive sign, such as a word, phrase, symbol, or logo, that is used to identify and distinguish the goods or services of one company from those of others. It serves as a form of intellectual property protection for businesses and helps consumers identify and associate specific products or services with a particular brand. Trademarks can be registered with the relevant government authorities to obtain exclusive rights and prevent others from using similar marks that may cause confusion in the marketplace. By protecting brand names, logos, and slogans, trademarks enable companies to build and maintain their brand identity, reputation, and customer loyalty.
- Indexing:Indexing in a library involves organizing and categorizing resources, such as books and articles, to facilitate easy retrieval. It includes assigning descriptive metadata and catalog entries to each item, enabling users to search and locate specific information efficiently. Trained librarians play a vital role in ensuring accurate indexing, allowing users to access materials through keyword searches, subject browsing, and other search methods.
- Subject indexing: Subject indexing in a library refers to the process of assigning specific subject headings or descriptors to resources, such as books or articles, to represent their content. It involves analyzing the subject matter of the resource and selecting appropriate terms from a controlled vocabulary or subject authority file. Subject indexing helps users locate materials on specific topics by providing a standardized and consistent approach to categorizing and organizing library resources based on their subject content.
- Internet Protocol: A set of rules that governs how data is transmitted over the internet, enabling devices to communicate with each other.
- Uniterm: A single-word term used in subject indexing to represent a specific concept or topic.
- Inverted List: A data structure used in search engines to map keywords to the documents or web pages that contain them, facilitating efficient information retrieval.
- Search Engine: A software tool that enables users to search and retrieve information from a database or the internet based on specific keywords or queries.
- IP (Internet Protocol): A unique address assigned to devices connected to a network that allows them to communicate with each other.
- Subject Index: An organized list of subject headings or descriptors used to categorize and provide access to materials based on their content.
- Difference between uniterm and subject index: Uniterm refers to a single-word term used in subject indexing, while a subject index is an organized list of subject headings or descriptors used for categorizing and accessing materials.
- Public Library: A library that provides free access to information and resources to the general public within a specific geographic area.
- Disaster Management: The process of planning, coordinating, and implementing measures to prevent, prepare for, respond to, and recover from disasters or emergencies.
- Preservation and Conservation of Library Materials: Practices and techniques aimed at protecting and maintaining the physical integrity and longevity of library materials, including books, manuscripts, photographs, and other artifacts.
- E-resource: An electronic resource, such as online databases, e-books, e-journals, or digital archives, that can be accessed and utilized through computer networks.
- MARC (Machine-Readable Cataloging): A standard format used for representing bibliographic and descriptive information in a machine-readable form, facilitating the exchange and sharing of library catalog records.
Also Check below Links
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- Client-Server Architecture: A network architecture where clients (user devices) request services or resources from servers (computers or systems) that provide those services or resources.
- Treasures: Valuable and significant items or artifacts of historical, cultural, or artistic importance.
- DBMS (Database Management System): Software that allows for the creation, organization, management, and retrieval of data stored in a database.
- Protocol: A set of rules and conventions that governs the communication and interaction between devices or systems.
- Indexing: The process of organizing and categorizing information to create an index or searchable database, enabling efficient retrieval of specific data or resources.
- Copyright: A legal concept that grants exclusive rights to the creators of original works, providing them with control over the use and distribution of their creations.
- HTML (Hypertext Markup Language): A standard markup language used for creating and structuring web pages and documents.
- Vocabulary Control: The practice of standardizing and controlling the terminology or vocabulary used in indexing, cataloging, or subject representation to ensure consistency and enhance information retrieval.
- Network Security: Measures and protocols implemented to protect computer networks from unauthorized access, attacks, or data breaches.
- Global Information Infrastructure: The interconnected network of information and communication technologies that facilitate the global exchange and access of information.
- Knowledge Management: The process of capturing, organizing, storing, and sharing knowledge within an organization to improve decision-making, innovation, and efficiency.
- Information Management: The practice of organizing, controlling, and leveraging information resources within an organization to support decision-making, operations, and strategic planning.
- Digital Library: A collection of digital resources, such as e-books, databases, multimedia materials, and online archives, accessible via computer networks.
- System Analysis: The process of studying and analyzing a system to understand its components, functions, and interactions, with the aim of improving its efficiency, effectiveness, or design.
- Difference Programming and software
|The process of creating instructions (code) for a computer to execute||A collection of programs, data, and instructions that work together|
|Involves writing algorithms, designing logic, and using programming languages||Encompasses the programs written by programmers|
|Focuses on creating code to perform specific tasks or solve problems||Provides specific functionality or performs specific tasks on a computer system|
|Human-readable instructions are translated into a format the computer understands||Can be compiled or executed code that runs on a computer system|
|Refers to the act of writing code||Refers to the tangible result of programming efforts|
This table summarizes the key distinctions between programming and software, emphasizing their respective roles and purposes in the context of computer science.
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